In the islands of the Aeolian archipelago arises Mediterranean vegetation, consisting mainly of oleanders, myrtles and oaks from the spiny leaf. Extensive and intensive the cultivation of vineyards and capers; are derived from the vineyards wines and genuine, high alcohol content, including the prized "Malvasia delle Lipari," a dense wine, sweet and light-colored, ranked as one of the best dessert wines.
Capers, produced in the islands of Lipari and Salina, meet easily in uncultivated countries, clinging to rocks or stone walls. Used in the local cuisine, along with Malvasia, are exported all over the world. From the point of view of wildlife in addition to sheep, goats and cattle is, in almost all the islands, the wild rabbit.
The birds instead are present only at the time of the passage. Rich and abundant fish fauna: in the waters of the archipelago is practiced fishing for swordfish, tuna, lobster, and oily fish (sardines, mackerel and anchovies) and the collection of crustaceans and mollusks.